Anyone who has heard of India, whether they are natives or foreigners, is familiar with the subcontinent’s variety, which includes mountains, rivers, valleys, vegetation, and animals, in addition to its rich cultural and linguistic heritage. The majestic Himalayas, the world’s tallest mountain range with some of the highest peaks, are also found in India.
By preventing cold winds from traveling south, mountains in India also have an impact on the climate of India. Other significant mountain ranges, however, also have a significant impact on India’s ecology and culture. To learn more about the top 7 largest mountain ranges in India, read further.
Top 7 Mountain Ranges in India
- The Himalaya Range – The tallest mountain, The Himalayas, is one of the world’s newest mountain ranges. These new mountain ranges include the Hindu Kush, Karakoram, and other smaller ranges. One of Asia’s Greater Ranges is the Karakoram. The world’s tallest mountains, including Mount Everest and K2, are found in these ranges which stand as one of the highest on Earth.
- Karakoram Range – To the northwest and south of the Himalayan Range, respectively, in the Karakoram Range. The Karakoram Range is largely in the disputed territory of Pakistan and India, and both nations have their own claims on the ranges. With a length of about 500 km, the Karakoram Range has several of the highest peaks on Earth. Aside from the polar regions, the Karakoram Range boasts the most glaciers. This range is home to the Siachen Glacier and Biafo Glacier.
- The Purvanchal Range – In India’s northeast, the Great Himalaya range continues in the form of the Purvanchal Range. The Karakoram and Ladakh ranges are parallel to it. The Patkai and Lushai Hills are some of the hill ranges that are part of the Purvanchal mountains. These mountains in India are heavily forested area and is rich in both flora and wildlife.
- Satpura Range – The states located in India’s central region are traversed by the Satpura Range, a mountain range. The Satpura range extends into the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Maharashtra. The Tapti and Sacred Narmada Rivers run parallel to the other two sides of the Satpura Range, which has a triangle form with its pinnacle in Ratnapura. Only two main rivers, the Narmada and the Tapti empty into the Arabian Sea. The Vindhya range and the Satpura range are parallel. The Satpura range was formerly densely covered.
- The Aravali Range – The Aravali Range is one of the oldest mountain ranges in India is the Aravali range, which stretches from the states of Rajasthan to Haryana. The eroding remnant of an ancient range of folded mountains is the Aravalli range. One of India’s most well-known mountain ranges is the Aravalli Range, sometimes referred to as the Mewat Hills. The Aravalli range is well known for its mineral deposits and is encircled by thick woods that are abundant in flora and animals.
- Western Ghats – South India’s Western Ghats is a 1600-meter-long mountain range that stretches from Gujarat to Kanyakumari. The Western Ghats region has rich biodiversity and is a range that comes under the UNESCO World Heritage Site. All over Kerala, the western ghats mountain ranges act as an amazing fortification.
- Eastern Ghats – The Eastern Ghats match up to the Bay of Bengal from Odisha in the north all the way down to Tamilnadu. They travel across parts of Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. The Eastern Ghats are not one of the continuous mountain ranges in India, in contrast to some like the Western Ghats. Huge gaps between regions of undulating hills have been created by rivers eroding the mountains in the range.